• Cao, T. & Shen, L. (2021), “A numerical and theoretical study of wind over fast-propagating water waves,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 919, A38
  • Deng, B., Zhao, M., Wang, Q. & Shen, L. (2021), “Numerical study of near-surface jet in the atmospheric surface layer over an oceanic temperature front,” Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, Vol. 126, e2020JD032934.
  • Gao, Q., Deane, G., Liu, H. & Shen, L. (2021), “A robust and accurate technique for Lagrangian tracking of bubbles and drops and detecting fragmentation and coalescence,” International Journal of Multiphase Flow, Vol. 135, 103523.
  • Hao, X., Cao, T. & Shen, L. (2021), “Mechanistic study of shoaling effect on momentum transfer between turbulent flow and traveling wave using large-eddy simulation,” Physical Review Fluids, Vol. 6, 054608.
  • Kan, K., Yang, Z., Lyu, P., Zheng, Y. & Shen, L. (2021), “Numerical study of turbulence flow past a rotating axial-flow pump based on a level-set immersed boundary method,” Renewable Energy, Vol. 168, 960-971.
  • Li, Z., Ghia, K., Li, Y., Fan, S. & Shen, L. (2021), “Unsteady Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes investigation of free surface wave impact on tidal turbine wake,” Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 477, 20200703.
  • Liu, H., He, S., Shen, L. & Hong, J. (2021), “Simulation-based study of COVID-19 outbreak associated with air-conditioning in a restaurant,” Physics of Fluids, Vol. 33, 023301.
  • Song, Y., Shen, L., Zhang, L., Li, J. & Chen, M. (2021), “Study of hydrodynamic threshold system for controlling dinoflagellate blooms in reservoirs,” Environmental Pollution, Vol. 278, 116822.
  • Wang, Z. et al. (2021), "Numerical investigation of ventilated cavitating flow in the wake of a circular cylinder,” Physical Review Fluids, Vol. 6, 064303. 
  • Xie, H., Zong, Y., Shen, L. & Dai, G. (2021), “Interfacial mass transfer intensification with highly viscous mixture,” Chemical Engineering Science, Vol. 236, 116531.
  • Yang, X., Milliren, C., Kistner, M., Hogg, C., Marr, J., Shen, L. & Sotiropoulos, F. (2021), “High-fidelity simulations and field measurements for characterizing wind fields in a utility-scale wind farm,” Applied Energy, Vol. 281, 116115.
  • Zi, D., Wang, F., Wang, C., Huang, C. & Shen, L. (2021), “Investigation on the air-core vortex in a vertical hydraulic intake system,” Renewable Energy, Vol. 177, 1333-1345.
  • Cao, T., Deng, B. & Shen, L. (2020), “A simulation-based mechanistic study of turbulent wind blowing over opposing water waves,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 901, A27.
  • Deng, B., Yang, Z., Xuan, A. & Shen, L. (2020), “Localizing effect of Langmuir circulations on small-scale turbulence in shallow water,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 893, A6.
  • Hao, X. & Shen, L. (2020), “Direct simulation of surface roughness signature of internal wave with deterministic energy-conservative model,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 891, R3.
  • Li, B., Yang, Z., Zhang, X., He, G., Deng, B. & Shen, L. (2020), “Use machine learning to detect turbulent region in flow past circular cylinder,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 905, A10.
  • Li, T. & Shen, L. (2020), “Safe zone for phase-resolved simulation of interactions between waves and vertically sheared currents,” Applied Mathematics Letters, Vol. 104, 106272.
  • Liu, Y., Shen, L., Zamansky, R. & Coletti, F. (2020), “Life and death of inertial particle clusters in turbulence,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 902, R1.
  • Wang, L. et al. (2020), “Surface wave effects on energy transfer in overlying turbulent flow,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 893, A21.
  • Xuan, A., Deng, B. & Shen, L. (2020), “Numerical study of effect of wave phase on Reynolds stresses and turbulent kinetic energy in Langmuir turbulence,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 904, A17.
  • Yang, D., He, S., Shen, L. & Luo, X. (2020), “Large eddy simulation coupled with immersed boundary method for turbulent flows over a backward facing step,” Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, August, doi:10.1177/0954406220954892.
  • Yang, Z., Deng, B., Wang, B. & Shen, L. (2020), “Sustaining mechanism of Taylor-Gortler-like vortices in a streamwise-rotating channel flow,” Physical Review Fluids, Vol. 5, 044601.
  • Yang, Z., Deng, B., Wang, B. & Shen, L. (2020), “On the self-constraint mechanism of the cross-stream secondary flow in the streamwise-rotating channel flow,” Physics of Fluids, Vol. 32, 105115.
  • Zi, D., Xuan, A., Wang, F. & Shen, L. (2020), “Numerical study of mechanisms of air-core vortex evolution in an intake flow,” International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, Vol. 81, 108517.
  • Li, T., Xuan, A. & Shen, L. (2020), “Study of nonlinear interaction between waves and ocean currents using high-fidelity simulation and machine learning,” Proceedings of 33rd Symposium on Naval Hydrodynamics.
  • Cheng, J. et al. (2019), “Steady laminar plume generated from a heated line in polymer solutions,” Physics of Fluids, 31, 103101.
  • Cheng, J. et al. (2019), “Numerical study on the dynamic process of single plume flow in thermal convection with polymers,” Physics of Fluids, 31, 023105.
  • Deng, B., Yang, Z., Xuan, A. & Shen, L. (2019), “Influence of Langmuir circulations on turbulence in the bottom boundary of shallow water,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 861, pp.275-308.
  • Foti, D., Yang, X., Shen, L. & Sotiropoulos, F. (2019), “Effect of wind turbine nacelle on turbine wake dynamics in large wind farms,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 869, pp.1-26.
  • Hao, X., Li, T., Cao, T. & Shen, L. (2019), “Simulation-based study of wind-wave interactions under various sea conditions,” Journal of Hydrodynamics, Vol. 31(6), pp.1148-1152.
  • Hao, X. & Shen, L. (2019), “Wind-wave coupling study using LES of wind and phased-resolved simulation of nonlinear waves,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 874, pp.391-425.
  • Lee, J., Musa, M., Feist, C., Gao, J., Shen, L. & Guala, M. (2019), “Wake characteristics and power performance of newly introduced drag-driven vertical axis hydrokinetic turbine,” Energies, 12, 361.
  • Lyu, P., Chen W., Li, H. & Shen, L. (2019), “A numerical study on the development of self-similarity in a wind turbine wake using an improved pseudo spectral large-eddy simulation solver,” Energies, 12, 643.
  • Pan, M., Liu, C., Li, Q., Tang, S., Shen, L. & Dong, Y. (2019), “Impact of spray droplets on momentum and heat transport in a turbulent marine atmospheric boundary layer,” Theoretical and Applied Mechanics Letters, Vol. 9, pp.71-78.
  • Wang, L., Huang, W., Xu, C., Shen, L., Zhang, Z. (2019), “Relationship between wall shear stresses and streamwise vortices in turbulent flow over wavy boundary,” Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, 40(3), pp.381-396.
  • Xuan, A., Deng, B. & Shen, L. (2019), “Study of wave effect on vorticity in Langmuir turbulence using wave-phase-resolved large-eddy simulation,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 875, pp.173-224.
  • Xuan, A. & Shen, L. (2019), “A conservative scheme for simulation of free-surface turbulent and wave flows,” Journal of Computational Physics, Vol. 378, pp.18-43.
  • Yang, Z., Calderer, A., He, S., Sotiropoulos, F., Krishnamurthy, R., Leo, L.S., Fernando, H.J.S., Hocut, C.M. & Shen, L. (2019), “Measurement-based numerical study of effects of realistic land topography and stratification on coastal marine atmospheric surface layer,” Boundary-Layer Meteorology, Vol. 171, pp.289-314.
  • Wang, Q., Wauer, B.J., Yamaguchi, R.T., Alvarenga, O., Shen, L. & Crabbs, R. (2019), “Understanding optical turbulence using coordinated atmospheric measurements and large eddy simulation (LES) modeling,” Imaging and Applied Optics 2019 and Optical Society of America Technical Digest, paper PM3C.1.
  • Zi, D., Wang, F.J. & Shen, L. (2019), “LES simulation of air-core vortex in intake flow field of pumping station,” IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Vol. 240(3), 032037.
  • Calderer, A., Guo, X., Shen, L. & Sotiropoulos, F. (2018), “Fluid-structure interaction simulation of floating structures interacting with complex, large-scale ocean waves and atmospheric turbulence with application to floating offshore wind turbines,” Journal of Computational Physics, Vol. 355, pp.144-175.
  • Cao, Q.   et al. (2018), “Urban-scale SALSCS, Part II: A parametric study of system performance,” Aerosol and Air Quality Research, 18, pp.2879-2894.
  • Cao, Q.   et al. (2018), “Urban-scale SALSCS, Part I: Experimental evaluation and numerical modeling of a demonstration unit,” Aerosol and Air Quality Research, 18, pp.2865-2878.
  • Cao, Q., Shen, L., Chen, S. & Pui, D. (2018), “WRF modeling of PM2.5 remediation by SALSCS and its clean air flow over Beijing Terrain,” Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 626, pp.134-146.
  • Chawdhary, S., Angelidis, D., Colby, J., Corren, D., Shen, L. & Sotiropoulos, F. (2018), “Multi-resolution large-eddy simulation of an array of hydrokinetic turbines in a field-scale river: The Roosevelt Island Tidal Energy project in New York City,” Water Resources Research, Vol. 54(12), pp.10188-10204.
  • Cui, Z., Yang, Z., Shen, L. & Jiang, H. (2018), “Complex modal analysis of the movement of swimming fish propelled by body and/or caudal fin,” Wave Motion, Vol. 78, pp.83-97.
  • Liu, C., Tang, S., Dong, Y. & Shen, L. (2018), “Heat transfer modulation by inertial particles in particle-laden turbulent channel flow,” Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 140, 112003.
  • Wang, Q. et al. (2018), “CASPER: a multidisciplinary program on the coupled air-sea processes and electromagnetic wave (EM) ducting research,” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 99(7), pp.1449-1471.
  • Witt, A., Gulliver, J. & Shen, L. (2018), “Numerical investigation of vorticity and bubble clustering in an air entraining hydraulic jump,” Computers and Fluids, Vol. 172, pp.162-180.
  • Yang, H., He, S., Ouyang, H,. Anderson, M.J., Shen, L. & Hogan, C.J. (2018), “The pressure drop across combined polydisperse spherical particle – Cylindrical fiber networks,” Chemical Engineering Science, Vol. 192, pp.634-641.
  • Yang, Z., Calderer, A., He, S., Sotiropoulos, F., Doyle, J., Flagg, D., MacMahan, J., Wang, Q., Haus, B., Graber, H. & Shen, L. (2018), “Numerical study on the effect of air–sea–land interaction on the atmospheric boundary layer in coastal area,” Atmosphere, Vol. 9(2), 51.
  • Yang, Z., Deng, B. & Shen L. (2018), “Direct numerical simulation of wind turbulence over breaking waves,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 850, pp.120-155.
  • Yang, Z., Deng, B., Wang, B. & Shen, L. (2018), “The effects of streamwise system rotation on pressure fluctuations in a turbulent channel flow,” Physics of Fluids, Vol. 30, 091701.
  • Hao, X., Cao, T., Yang, Z., Li, T. & Shen, L. (2018), “Simulation-based study of wind-wave interaction,” Procedia IUTAM, Vol. 26, pp.162-173.
  • Lyu, P., Park, S.G., Li, H. & Shen, L. (2018), “A coupled wind-wave-turbine solver for offshore wind farm,” Proceedings of International Offshore Wind Technical Conference.
  • Pan, M., Li, Q., Shuai, T., Shen, L. & Dong, Y. (2018), “Investigation of the humidity, heat and momentum transports of droplet-laden turbulent airflow in marine atmorspheric boundary layer,” Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Fluid Mechanics.
  • Zi, D., Wang, F.J. & Shen, L. (2018), “LES simulation of air-core voertex in intake flow field of pumping station,” Proceedings of 20th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems.
  • Cui, Z., Yang, Z., Jiang, H., Huang, W. & Shen, L. (2017), “A sharp interface immersed boundary method for simulating incompressible flows with arbitrarily deforming smooth boundaries,” International Journal of Computational Methods, Vol. 14, No. 2, 1750080.
  • Deng, B., Hu, Y., Guo, X., Dalrymple, A. & Shen, L. (2017), “Numerical study on the dissipation of water waves over a viscous fluid-mud layer,” Computers and Fluids, Vol. 158, pp.107-119.
  • Liu, C., Tang, S., Shen, L. & Dong, Y. (2017), “Characteristics of turbulence transport for momentum and heat in particle-laden turbulent vertical channel flows,” Acta Mechanics Sinica, 33, pp.333-845.
  • Tang, S., Yang, Z., Liu, C., Dong, Y. & Shen, L. (2017), “Numerical study on the generation and transport of spume droplets in wind over breaking waves,” Atmosphere, Vol. 8(12), 248.
  • Yang, D. & Shen, L. (2017), “Numerical simulation of scalar transport in turbulent flows over progressive surface waves,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 819, pp.58-103.
  • Yang, Z., Lu, X., Guo, X., Liu, Y. & Shen, L. (2017), “Numerical simulation of sediment suspension and transport under plunging breaking waves,” Computers and Fluids, Vol. 158, pp.57-71.
  • He, S., Yang, Z. & Shen, L. (2017), “Numerical simulation of interactions among air, water, and rigid/flexible solid bodies,” Proceedings of 10th International Workshop on Ship and Marine Hydrodynamics.
  • Liu, H., Xiao, Z. & Shen, L. (2017), “Simulation based study of supercavitation turbulence,” Proceedings of 10th International Workshop on Ship and Marine Hydrodynamics.
  • Xie, S., Yang, D., Liu, Y. & Shen, L. (2016), “Simulation-based study of wind loads on semi-submerged object in ocean wave field,” Physics of Fluids, Vol. 28, 015106.
  • Xuan, A., Deng, B., Cao, T. & Shen, L. (2016), “Numerical study on the effects of progressive gravity waves on turbulence,” Journal of Hydrodynamics, Vol. 28(6), pp.840-847.
  • Witt, A., Gulliver, J. & Shen, L. (2015), “Simulating air entrainment and bubble dynamics in a hydraulic jump,” International Journal of Multiphase Flow, Vol. 72, pp.165-180.
  • Guo, X. & Shen, L. (2014), “Numerical study of the effect of surface wave on turbulence underneath. Part 2. Eulerian and Lagrangian properties of turbulence kinetic energy,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 744, pp.250-272.
  • Yang, D., Meneveau, C. & Shen, L. (2014), “Large-eddy simulation of offshore wind farm,” Physics of Fluids, 26, 025101. 
  • Yang, D., Meneveau, C. & Shen, L. (2014), “Effect of downwind swells on offshore wind energy harvesting — a large-eddy simulation study,” Renewable Energy, 70, pp.11-23. 
  • Calderer, A., Guo, X., Shen, L. & Sotiropoulos, F. (2014), “Coupled fluid-structure interaction simulation of floating offshore wind turbines and waves: a large eddy simulation approach,” Journal of Physics, Vol. 524, Proceedings of The Science of Making Torque from Wind.
  • Guo, X., Xuan, A. & Shen, L. (2014), “Numerical and theoretical investigations of wave effect on upper-ocean turbulence,” Proceedings of 30th Symposium on Naval Hydrodynamics.
  • Shen, L., Xie, S., Yang, D. & Liu, Y. (2014), “Wind-and-wave simulations with dynamic modeling for ship hydrodynamics applications,” Proceedings of 30th Symposium on Naval Hydrodynamics.
  • Guo, X. & Shen, L. (2013), “Numerical study of the effect of surface wave on turbulence underneath. Part 1. Mean flow and turbulence vorticity,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 733, pp.558-587.
  • Yang, D., Meneveau, C. & Shen, L. (2013), “Dynamic modeling of sea-surface roughness for large-eddy simulation of wind over ocean wavefield,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 726, pp.62-99.
  • Yang, D., Shen, L. & Meneveau, C. (2013), “An assessment of dynamic subgrid-scale sea-surface roughness model,” Flow, Turbulence and Combustion, 91, pp.541-563.  
  • Yang, D., Meneveau, C. & Shen, L. (2013), “Large-eddy simulation based study of offshore wind turbine array boundary layers,” Proceedings of 2013 International Conference on Aerodynamics of Offshore Wind Energy Systems and Wakes.
  • Dickey, T. et al. (2012), “Introduction to special section on recent advances in the study of optical variability in the near-surface and upper ocean,” Journal of Geophysical Research — Oceans, Vol. 117, C00H20.
  • Hu, Y., Guo, X., Lu, X., Liu, Y., Dalrymple, R.A. & Shen, L. (2012), “Idealized numerical simulation of breaking water wave propagating over a viscous mud layer,” Physics of Fluids, Vol. 24, 112104.
  • Khakpour, H.R., Igusa T. & Shen, L. (2012), “Coherent vortical structures responsible for strong flux of scalar at free surface,” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 55, pp.5157-5170.
  • Xu, Z., Guo, X., Shen, L. & Yue, D.K.P. (2012), “Radiative transfer in ocean turbulence and its effect on underwater light field,” Journal of Geophysical Research — Oceans, Vol. 117, C00H18.
  • Kermani, A., Khakpour, H.R., Shen, L. & Igusa T. (2011), “Statistics of surface renewal of passive scalars in free-surface turbulence,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 678, pp.379-416.
  • Khakpour, H.R., Shen, L. & Yue, D.K.P. (2011), “Transport of passive scalar in turbulent shear flow under a clean or surfactant-contaminated free surface,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 670, pp.527-557. 
  • Xu, Z., Yue, D.K.P., Shen, L. & Voss, K. (2011), “Patterns and statistics of in-water polarization under conditions of linear and nonlinear ocean surface waves,” Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans, Vol. 116, C00H12.
  • Yang, D. & Shen, L. (2011), “Simulation of viscous flows with undulatory boundaries: Part II. Coupling with other solvers for multi-fluids computation,” Journal of Computational Physics, Vol. 230, pp.5510-5531.
  • Yang, D. & Shen, L. (2011), “Simulation of viscous flows with undulatory boundaries: Part I. Basic solver,” Journal of Computational Physics, Vol. 230, pp.5488-5509.
  • Hu, Y., Liu, Y., Guo, X. & Shen, L. (2011), “Numerical study of wave breaking over a muddy seabed,” Proceedings of 6th International Conference on Asia and Pacific Coasts.
  • Guo, X. & Shen, L. (2010), “Interaction of a deformable free surface with statistically-steady homogeneous turbulence,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 658, pp.33-62.
  • Liu, Y., Yang, D., Guo, X. & Shen, L. (2010), “Numerical study of pressure forcing of wind on dynamically evolving water waves,” Physics of Fluids, Vol. 22, 041704.
  • Yang, D. & Shen, L. (2010), “Direct-simulation-based study of turbulent flow over various waving boundaries,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 650, pp.131-180.
  • Shen, L. (2010), “Numerical study of wave-turbulence interaction,” in Notes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics and Multidisciplinary Design: Turbulence and Interactions, Springer, ISBN978-3-642-14138-6.
  • Guo, X., Yang, D., Liu, Y. & Shen, L. (2010), “Mechanistic study of upper ocean turbulence interacting with surface waves,” Proceedings of the ASME 29th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering.
  • Liu, Y., Guo, X., Yang, D. & Shen, L. (2010), “Numerical simulation of strong free-surface turbulence for mechanistic study,” Proceedings of 28th Symposium on Naval Hydrodynamics.
  • Liu, Y., Yang, D., Guo, X. & Shen, L. (2010), “Multi-scale modeling of wind-wave interaction in the presence of offshore structures for renewable energy applications,” Proceedings of the ASME 29th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering.
  • Xie, S., Liu, Y., Yang, D., Guo, X. & Shen, L. (2010), “Numerical simulation of wind-wave-structure interaction,” Proceedings of 28th Symposium on Naval Hydrodynamics.
  • Kermani, A. & Shen, L. (2009), “Surface age of surface renewal in turbulent interfacial transport,” Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 36, L10605.
  • Guo, X. & Shen, L. (2009), “On the generation and maintenance of waves and turbulence in simulations of free-surface turbulence,” Journal of Computational Physics, Vol. 228, pp.7313-7332.
  • Liu, S., Kermani, A., Shen, L. & Yue, D.K.P. (2009), “Investigation of coupled air-water turbulent boundary layers using direct numerical simulations,” Physics of Fluids, Vol. 21, 062108.
  • Yang, D. & Shen, L. (2009), “Characteristics of coherent vortical structures in turbulence over water waves,” Physics of Fluids, Vol. 21, 125106.
  • Shen, L., Yang, D. & Yue, D.K.P. (2008), “Coupled wind-wave prediction for ship motion,” Proceedings of 27th Symposium on Naval Hydrodynamics.
  • Edson, J.B. et al. (2007), “The coupled boundary layers and air-sea transfer experiment in low winds (CBLAST-LOW),” Bulletin of the American Meteorology Society, Vol. 88(3), pp.341-356.  
  • Shen, L. (2007), “Physics of free-surface turbulence and challenges to LES,” in CFD of Multifluid Flows, von Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics, ISSN0377-8312.
  • Shen, L. & Yue, D.K.P. (2006), “Modeling the relationships between flow statistics and structures at the coupled air-ocean interface,” Oceanography, Vol. 19(1), pp.52-63.
  • Shen, L., Liu, S. & Yue, D.K.P. (2005), “Mechanisms of air-sea interactions at small scales,” Proceedings of Civil Engineering in the Ocean VI.
  • Shen, L., Triantafyllou, G.S. & Yue, D.K.P. (2004), “Effects of surfactants on free-surface turbulent flows,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 506, pp.79-115.
  • Liu, S., Hendrickson, K., Dong, X., Shen, L. & Yue, D.K.P. (2004), “Numerical investigation of coupled boundary layers air-sea transfer (CBLAST) at small scales,” Proceedings of the 16th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence.
  • Shen, L., Zhang, X., Triantafyllou, M.S. & Yue, D.K.P. (2003), “Turbulent flow over a flexible wall undergoing a streamwise traveling wave motion,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 484, pp.197-221.
  • Hendrickson, K., Shen, L., Yue, D.K.P., Dommermuth, D.G. & Adams P. (2003), “Simulation of steep breaking waves and spray sheets around a ship: the last frontier in computational ship hydrodynamics,” Proceedings of the DoD High Performance Computing Users Group Conference.
  • Shen, L., Zhang, C. & Yue, D.K.P. (2002), “Free-surface turbulent wake behind towed ship models - experimental measurements, stability analyses and direct numerical simulations,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 469, pp.89-120.
  • Shen, L., Triantafyllou, G.S. & Yue, D.K.P. (2001), “Mixing of a passive scalar near a free surface,” Physics of Fluids, Vol.13(4), pp.913-926.
  • Shen, L. & Yue, D.K.P. (2001), “Large-eddy simulation of free-surface turbulence,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 440, pp.75-116.
  • Shen, L., Triantafyllou, G.S. & Yue, D.K.P. (2000), “Turbulent diffusion near a free surface,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 407, pp.145-166.
  • Shen, L., Zhang, X., Yue, D.K.P. & Triantafyllou, G.S. (1999), “The surface layer for free-surface turbulent flows,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 386, pp.167-212.
  • Zhang, C., Shen, L. & Yue, D.K.P. (1999), “The mechanism of vortex connection at a free surface,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 384, pp.207-241.